This is a hand-colored image depicting two men in unifrom sitting at left. One is wearing an artificial leg. There is a longer boy standing in front of them. The sense it outdoors, and there is a building in the background.
Candy wrapper (detail), printed by Dondey-Dupré, Paris, France, 1830-1855, Downs Collection of Manuscripts and Printed Ephemera, Winterthur Library, 88×195.095


“Disability History,” Inclusive Historian’s Handbook, January 3, 2024,

“Choosing and [Not?] Using Artificial Limbs in 19th-Century America,” Historic Deerfield Magazine, Health and Wellness, Volume 19 (Autumn 2021): 9-13.

“The Material Culture of Gout in Early America,” in Elizabeth Guffey and Bess Williamson, eds., Making Disability Modern: Design Histories (New York: Bloomsbury, 2020), 19-42.

“Dear Dr. Gruber,” All of Us, July 21, 2020,

“Over-the-hill canes and ideal bodies: teaching disability history as public history,” History@Work blog, National Council on Public History, February 7, 2018,

“‘Confined to Crutches’: James Logan and the Material Culture of Disability in Early America,” Pennsylvania Legacies, Vol. 17, No. 2 (Fall 2017): 6-11. Full Text available here.

“An ‘effort to bring this little handicapped army in personal touch with beauty’: Democratizing Art for Crippled Children at The Metropolitan Museum of Art, 1919-1934,” New York History 96, 1 (Winter 2015): 38-66.

“Collecting Disability History,” UK Disability History Month 2013 series, Disability and Industrial Society: A Comparative Cultural History of British Coalfields 1780-1948, November 25, 2013,

“Object Lesson: Desire Tripp and Her Arm’s Gravestone,” Common-Place, 13, 3 (Spring 2013),


Editor, with Sarah Case, LGBTQ Public History: Reports from the Field (National Council on Public History, October 2019),

“We Will All be Phony Colonies,” ALHFAM Bulletin XLV, No. 4 (Winter 2016): 25-27.

“Inside the Decoy Shop,” University of Delaware History of American Civilization Blog,, February 21, 2014.

“Vineland’s Closet,” University of Delaware Museum Studies Blog,, February 24, 2013.

“‘The Blood of Murdered Time’: Ann Warder’s Berlin Wool Work 1840-1865,” Winterthur Portfolio 45, 4 (Winter 2011): 321-352.

“‘L’imagree sucrée’: Challenges in Cataloging and Researching Nineteenth-Century French Candy Wrappers,” Art Documentation, 29, 1 (Spring 2010): 16-22.

“Success Stories: Preserving Pennsylvania’s Schools,” PSBA Bulletin (August 2006): 32-36.


File/Life: We Remember Stories of Pennhurst. A project of the Institute on Disabilities, Temple University, College of Education and Human Development. Jonathan Atiencia, David Bradley, Harold Gordon, Ramona Griffiths, Cecilia Lee, Jacob Lee, Danielle Moore, Frank Orr, Biany Perez, Nicki Pombier, María Teresa Rodríguez, Margery Sly, and Lisa Sonneborn, Community Archivists and Collaborating Artists. April 20–23, 2023, Arch Street Meeting House, Philadelphia; July 25–27, 2023, The Russell Senate Office Building, Washington, DC; additional sites listed here. Published in The Public Historian, 46, 1 (February 2024): 151-157. Read here.

Terry Childs and Mark S. Warner, eds., Using and Curating Archaeological Collections, in History News: The Magazine of the American Association of State and Local History Vol. 75. No. 2 (Spring 2020): 37.

Catherine E. Kelly, Republic of Taste: Art, Politics, and Everyday Life in Early America, in The William and Mary Quarterly, Vol. 74, No. 3 (July 2017): 577-581.

Francis Cape, We Sit Together: Utopian Benches from the Shakers to the Separatists of Zoar, in American Furniture (2014): 257-259.